Hotchkiss chose to use large caliber shells in the gun instead of rifle cartridges (like the American Gatling or French Mitrailleuse) for greater anti-personnel effectiveness. Hotchkiss Machine Gun, Model 1897: 192: Hotchkiss Machine Gun, Model 1903, the First Hotchkiss Gun to Use a Belt Feed: 193: St. Etienne Machine Gun, Model 1907: 195: St. Etienne Machine Gun, Model 1907, 8-mm, Sectionalized: 196: Benét-Mercié Machine Rifle, Model 1909. Tag: Hotchkiss 1897 The Eagle vs The Rising Sun: Early Machine Gun experiences from the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-5. The Hotchkiss M1909 machine gun was a light machine gun of the early 20th century, developed and built by Hotchkiss et Cie.It was also known as the Hotchkiss Mark I, Hotchkiss … This is a fine example of a very rare early production Hotchkiss Heavy Machine Gun manufactured by the French factory of "Mitrailleuse Automatique Hotchkiss" in 1929. This model of machine gun is very historic as it was in several major battles throughout the world. Another gun from the Hotchkiss factory, the Hotchkiss Model 1914, was one of the first gas-operated, air-cooled machine guns. The result was the model 1897, an air-cooled, strip-fed heavy machine gun that was sold to many different nations. Its official French designation was: Matériel de 75mm Mle 1897.It was commonly known as the French 75, simply the 75 and Soixante-Quinze (French for 75, literally Sixty-Fifteen). Personal life. Instead it was an entirely different gas operated, blow-forward design borrowed from the semi-automatic Bang rifle of 1903. The Japanese produced two variants under licence, the Type 3 Heavy Machine Gun chambered in 6.8mm Arisaka and the Type 92 Heavy Machine Gun chambered in 7.7mm SR. The original design was developed and refined in 1897 and was in use by the French Army until the fall of France in 1940. The French St. Étienne Mle 1907 (French: Mitrailleuse Mle 1907 T) was a gas operated air-cooled machine gun in 8mm Lebel which was widely used in the early years of the First World War. After his death, the Hotchkiss company also developed in 1897 and later manufactured in large numbers an air-cooled, gas-actuated infantry machine gun which was widely used by several countries, particularly France and the United States during the First World War. The French 75 mm field gun was a quick-firing field artillery piece adopted in March 1898. The "St.Etienne Mle 1907" was not derived from the Hotchkiss machine gun. The Hotchkiss Revolving Cannon was designed by an American, Benjamin Hotchkiss, in response to the Franco-Prussian War. The Hotchkiss machine gun remained in active service with the French army until the early 1940s and used by the Germans for secondary troops guarding installations during World War II. Rifling of a 75 modèle 1897. Japanese version Hotchkiss machine guns in 6.5 mm caliber were successfully deployed by Japan. The U.S. purchased and used in combat 7,000 Mle 1914 Hotchkis machine guns, also in 8 mm Lebel. A recurring complaint about the Hotchkiss machine gun was that, although it was carried in mule carts on the march, it had to be manhandled into battle. So Benet arranged to simply buy the patent outright for a flat fee, and then Hotchkiss set about redesigning the gun to be much better. Hotchkiss machine gun, originally a big-bore, hand-cranked, rapid-fire weapon developed in 1878 by Benjamin B. Hotchkiss (1826–85), a U.S. ordnance engineer with a factory in Paris.It was first used by the French army in 1896. The Hotchkiss machine gun was any of a line of products developed and sold by Hotchkiss et Cie, (full name Société Anonyme des Anciens Etablissements Hotchkiss et Cie), established by United States gunsmith Benjamin B. Hotchkiss. 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