The majority of the Allied force was provided by the United States, with the bulk of two United States Army infantry divisions being committed on the ground. [55] Historian Edward J. Drea attributed the success of the operation largely to MacArthur's bold decision to exploit intelligence gained through code breaking, and judged it was "MacArthur's finest hour in World War II and ULTRA's single greatest contribution to the general's Pacific strategy". This is an official real photo developed at the end of the war to document major battles and campaigns of WWII. [8], The Japanese high command intended to hold Hollandia. Before its inclusion into the colonial government of the Dutch Indies, the location of present-day Jayapura was known as Numbay. The situation was not fully resolved until 3 May when transport aircraft began landing on an airstrip that was hastily built by an engineer aviation battalion at Tami. On October 1, 1962 renamed Hollandia Kota Baru (Hollandia New Town) when jointly administered by the Dutch and Indonesians. Date: 22 April 1944: Source: U.S. Navy photo from the USS Bunker Hill 1943-1944 cruise book available at Navysite.de: Author: U.S. Navy: Licensing . [58], Operation Reckless was an unqualified success, as were the landings around Aitape under the guise of Operation Persecution. Air and naval support consisted largely of U.S. assets, although Australia also provided air support during preliminary operations and a naval bombardment force. There was also a … Landing at Nassau Bay 2. [37], In response to a request from the head of the US Navy, Admiral Ernest King, the Eastern Fleet conducted a raid on Japanese positions on the island of Sabang in the Indian Ocean ahead of the landings at Hollandia and Aitape. Meanwhile, on 30 March and continuing to 3 April these air forces attacked Hollandia itself and the airfields on the Sentani plain. Bekijk meer ideeën over Nederland, Jaren 50 huisvrouw, Papoea nieuw guinea. This plan was eventually reversed in favor of a counterattack on U.S. forces around Aitape. Tekst van Vademecum voor Nederlands-Nieuw-Guinea, 1956 komt binnenkort! The headland was formed by the Cyclops Mountains, a mountain ridge rising steeply to 7,000 feet (2,100 m) and was backed by Lake Sentani, extending 15 miles (24 km) east to west. Operation R (1942) 2. On May 1, 1963 renamed Sukarnapura in honor of Indonesia President Sukarno. By the end of the day on 23 April the 186th Infantry were about halfway to Lake Sentani, while those from the 162nd had secured Hollandia and were securing the high ground around their objective, winkling out isolated pockets of resistance with aerial support. The landings were undertaken simultaneously with the amphibious invasion of Aitape ("Operation Persecution") to the east. With the loss of fewer than 200 killed and about 1,200 wounded at both Hollandia and Aitape, MacArthur had dealt the Japanese on New Guinea a major blow. [36], The Allies conducted a deception operation to ensure that the Japanese continued to believe that they would land at Hansa Bay rather than Hollandia. Box and all slides are in near mint condition. "The area is volcanic, with mountains that look like little kids had drawn them," she said. Allied planners believed that the two beaches were connected by a road, and that another road – suitable for vehicle traffic – ran inland towards Lake Sentani. Sa seule frontière terrestre est partagée avec le territoire de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée. Hollandia. Allied casualties amounted to 157 killed and 1,057 wounded. Task Force 74, under British Rear Admiral Victor Crutchley, consisted of the cruisers HMAS Australia and Shropshire plus several destroyers, while Task Force 75 was made up of three U.S. cruisers, Phoenix, Nashville and Boise under Rear Admiral Russell Berkey. [14] The 18th Army did not plan for the defense of Hollandia, and the Army Air Force and Naval units stationed there had little opportunity to develop plans due to the rapid turnover of their leadership. Unsere Mitarbeiter begrüßen Sie zu unserem Test. In the long run, the Hollandia area proved to be an excellent deep water harbor, and the airfields were improved to handle hundreds of Allied planes. Japanese plans to occupy Port Moresby were negated by losses during the Battle of the Coral Sea and Battle of Milne Bay. [47][48], Meanwhile, at Humboldt Bay Rear Admiral William M. Fechteler's Central Attack Group carrying the U.S. 41st Division also achieved complete surprise, coming ashore at two beaches: White 1, about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south of Hollandia, and White 2 on a narrow sandspit near Cape Tjeweri at the entrance to Jautefa Bay, and about 4 miles (6.4 km) from Lake Sentani. [38] This operation had no effect on the Japanese, as the air units were being held in reserve for a planned major attack on American naval forces in the Central Pacific. 10,91 EUR. Japanese forces to the west were reconfigured to form a defense line through Biak and Manokwari,[61] while the Japanese 18th Army, still in defensive positions around Wewak, to the east, were faced with a long retreat west through the jungle having been ordered to bypass Hollandia and Aitape and reinforce the 2nd Army in western New Guinea. Operation Cartwheel (1943) 1. Battle of Lababia Ridge 5. The timing of the landings at Hollandia were moved back to 22 April at around this time due to logistical problems and the Pacific Fleet's other commitments, and it was decided to conduct the landing at Aitape simultaneously with the main assault. After taking evasive routes to the west of the Admiralty Islands to avoid air attack,[41] the convoy turned back towards their objective late in the afternoon. Selbstverständlich ist jeder New hollandia rund um die Uhr im Netz im Lager verfügbar und somit sofort lieferbar. La bataille de Hollandia (Operation Reckless) est une bataille de la guerre du Pacifique durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale lors de la campagne de Nouvelle-Guinée. [55] On the other hand, the Allied operation had been over-insured; concerns over the strength of the Japanese garrison had left the Allies with a four to one advantage in the event. Die Betreiber dieses Portals haben uns dem Lebensziel angenommen, Produktpaletten verschiedenster Art zu testen, damit potentielle Käufer auf einen Blick den New hollandia sich aneignen können, den Sie als Leser haben wollen. [17] These troops were positioned along the Depapre – Lake Sentani trail. [16] Only about 500 of the 11,000 personnel were ground combat troops, being drawn from several antiaircraft batteries. In March General Hatazo Adachi, the commander of the Japanese 18th Army, was ordered by the Second Area Army to withdraw his forces west from the Madang-Hansa Bay area to Hollandia, with one division to be dispatched there immediately. The Eastern Fleet's British and American aircraft carriers raided Sabang on 19 April. [5], Allied intelligence successes led to the decision to land at Hollandia. WWII: NEW GUINEA, 1944. [15], The port and airfields were the base for units of the Japanese 2nd Army (General Fusatarō Teshima) and the 6th Air Division of the 4th Air Army. Marine Kazerne Hollandia Ned Nw Guinea 1960//1962 =Een terugblik= *luckyted* During the early stages of the planning process MacArthur's headquarters believed that two Japanese infantry regiments may have been in the Hollandia area, but this was later discounted. As a result, code breaking was the main source of intelligence. [30][31] The decision to undertake these operations simultaneously stretched Allied shipping and logistics resources, and necessitated reallocating resources from other theaters and roles.

… [9] Few combat units were stationed at Hollandia in early 1944. The stores situation in the forward area grew more urgent as the supply line up the single road broke down. [7] The attack was designated Operation Reckless in recognition of the risks involved in carrying it out. The attack force comprised 84,000 personnel, including 52,000 combat troops, 23,000 support personnel, and a naval task force of 200 vessels of 7th Fleet’s Task Force 77 under Rear Admiral Daniel Barbey. Action off Bougainville (1942) 4. [1][2], Hollandia was situated on the east side of a headland separating Humboldt Bay to the east and Tanahmerah Bay, 25 miles (40 km) to the west. The Battle of Hollandia (code-named Operation Reckless) was an engagement between Allies of World War II and Japanese forces during World War II. It began with the easy Japanese conquest of most of the north coast of the massive island. The beach quickly became congested, as it had also been the center of a Japanese supply dump prior to the assault, and engineers had to work to clear the area with bulldozers and construct a roadway to the beach's only exit. Over the course of an hour, this feature, dubbed Pancake Hill, was captured with only minimal opposition. [4][32] The shortage of shipping meant that each ship had to be loaded as efficiently as possible, using a technique known as combat loading to ensure that the most important stores and equipment could be unloaded quickly. : 155 548 (2000), Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Holland, Henry Richard Vassall Fox, 3d Baron, Hollister Hills State Vehicular Recreation Area, Hollandsche Afrikaanse Uitgeweers Maatschappij, Hollandsche Eenheidsprijzen Maatschappij Amsterdam, Hollandsche Ijzeren Spoorweg Maatschappij. The landings took place at dawn on 22 April after a supporting naval bombardment at each site. But heavy U.S. casualties left the unprepared American divisions too dissipated for battle, requiring about six months … By 26 April, U.S. troops secured the two eastern airfields, and later that day linked up with forces advancing from the 24th Division advancing from Tanahmerah Bay. [47][54], According to historian Stanley Kirby, the collapse of Japanese resistance was due to a lack of preparedness, changes in the command structure and a lack of combat troops; many of the 11,000 men based there were administrative and support units. While MacArthur sought eight days worth of support from the fleet's powerful fleet carriers, Nimitz would only agree to commit this force for two days after the landings. Before the arrival of the Dutch there was an active trade in Numbay, centered on the Island of Metui Debi and the area where the former Gereja Pengharapan ("Church of the Favor of God") stood, in Sam Ratulangi Road, being most active between 1897 and 1905. 12,00 EUR. Red 2 beach was found to be highly unsuitable and the promised roads were non-existent. The other landing would be made at Humboldt Bay by two RCTs (the 162nd and 186th) of the 41st Division. I have listed 1 more of these sets of slides from a different PTO battle, see my store. One company landed on White 2 and secured Cape Tjeweri, after which a group of 18 LVTs crossed the sandspit to land two more companies near Pim inside Jautefa Bay. MacArthur's plan was bold, as it involved making a large amphibious landing deep behind the front lines in New Guinea. Prewar and during the Pacific War, located in Dutch New Guinea (DNG) in the Netherlands East Indies (NEI). [46], As a result of the terrain difficulties, Tanahmerah Bay was quickly written off as a landing site; while the infantry already ashore pressed on to the Sentani plain the remainder of the 24th Division was diverted to Humboldt Bay, which had by this time been secured. It was occupied by the Japanese during their invasion of the Dutch East Indies in 1942, who planned to use it as a base for their expansion towards the Australian mandated territories of Papua and New Guinea. [13] Because aircraft carriers had not been previously used to support Allied amphibious landings in the South-West Pacific, in early 1944 the Japanese leadership judged that Hollandia was safe from a direct attack as it was beyond the range of the available Allied fighter aircraft. 1. In 1968 renamed Jayapura. None of the senior officers present had been in post more than a few weeks and the senior air officer had been relieved following the destruction of his air forces at the beginning of April. LANDING BATTLE HOLLANDIA JAYAPURA PAPUA NEW GUINEA CAMPAIGN WW2 6pp ARTICLE 1944. [39], The 41st Division was to stage from Cape Cretin, while the 24th would depart from Goodenough Island. Holandia (disambiguation) Holland (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Hollandia. [59] A total of 7,200 Japanese troops assembled at Genjem and then attempted to withdraw overland to Sarmi; only around 1,000 reached their destination. White 1 would be the main landing, as it provided the only spot where the larger LSTs could land, while White 2 would be secured with smaller LVTs and DUKWs, which would be used to cross the shallow entrance to Jautefa Bay. A regional trade center and seaport, it is on Yos Sudarso Bay (formerly Humboldt Bay; an inlet of the Pacific) near the border with Papua New Guinea. These totaled 11,000 men under the command of General Masazumi Inada, Major General Toyozo Kitazono and Rear Admiral Yoshikazu Endo (Ninth Fleet). [56] Stephen R. Taaffe reached a similar conclusion. "Authentic Battle Scenes WW II Set #4 Hollandia - New Guinea - 20 1946 2x2 35mm Slides. Hollandia, three degrees south of the equator in rainforest that gets some of the most rainfall in the world, offered a new experience. [20], I Corps under Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger provided most of the ground forces for the combined Operations Reckless and Persecution. [49], Three transports were assigned to the operation, Westralia, Gunston Hall and Ganymede. (Gonggryp 1934, 437). Shipping is $2.99 to buyer. Operation Mo (1942) 6. From Granger - Historical Picture Archive. During 1945, Hollandia was designated as the capital of Dutch New Guinea. Hollandia was a port on the north coast of New Guinea, part of the Dutch East Indies, and was the only anchorage between Wewak to the east, and Geelvink Bay to the west. 1943-1944: New Guinea. [51], Seven LSTs and the Australian transport Westralia were unloaded over the shore at White 1, landing 4,200 tonnes of combat supplies and over 300 vehicles on the first day. Japanese plans to occupy Port Moresby were negated by losses during the Battle of the Coral Sea and Battle of Milne Bay. Historic HD videos of Hollandia New Guinea 1944 from CriticalPast are royalty-free and available for immediate download. First Battle of Mubo 3. Approval was granted four days later. [44], At Tanahmerah Bay, after a naval bombardment from the three Australian cruisers commencing around 06:00, the two RCTs from the 24th Division disembarked from the four U.S. and Australian transports – Henry T. Allen, Carter Hall, Kanimbla and Manoora – and moved ashore aboard 16 LCIs. [53] There was little resistance initially, but further inland there was some opposition as elements of the 186th Infantry reached the lake by 24 April. Pop: 155 548 . By January 1943, the Americans and Australians had ejected the Japanese from Papua, New Guinea.General Douglas MacArthur, the Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA) commander, had secured an airstrip and staging base at Buna on the New Guinea north coast. A fire caused by Allied bombing continued to burn in the Japanese supply dump for several days and later attracted the attention of a Japanese bomber, which attacked the beach area late on 23 April, resulting in more fires and killing 24 and wounding 100 more. Seven LSTs were also assigned. These were supported by a force of eight escort carriers of the 5th Fleet. Adachi's decision may have been motivated by a belief that Hansa Bay would be the target of the next Allied amphibious landing and that he could reinforce Hollandia at a later date. The landings at Hollandia and Aitape were followed just four weeks later by landings at Wakde, Sarmi and Toem, to the west. [10] After the chief of staff of the Second Area Army travelled to Wewak to deliver Adachi orders in person, he directed that the 66th Infantry Regiment begin moving from Wewak to Hollandia on 18 April; it was expected that this unit would arrive there in mid-June. Achat immédiat +5,67 EUR (livraison) Retours gratuits. [60] U.S. forces undertook mopping up operations in the area until 6 June. The town itself was on the shore of Humboldt Bay, with a first-class anchorage. Hollandia, Capital of the subdivision of the same name. [7], MacArthur met with the commander of the Pacific Fleet, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, at Brisbane between 25 and 27 March to discuss the role of the Navy in the operation. It was a small town, which was enlarged with the coming of the US Army in 1945. Today known as Jayapura, in 1941 Hollandia (140.707E 2.543S) was the largest settlement in the Dutch half of New Guinea. The New Guinea campaign (January 1942-September 1945) was one of the longest campaigns of the Second World War. Fought in the Australian mandated Territory of New Guinea (the north-eastern part of the island of New Guinea and surrounding islands) and Dutch New Guinea, between Allied and Japanese forces. Engineers operating amphtracs pushed forward from Jautefa Bay to the lake to carry the infantry around the Japanese positions at the lake, completing their flanking maneuver on 25 April. Occupied by the Japanese in World War II, it was liberated by U.S. forces in Apr., 1944, and served as General MacArthur's headquarters. Photograph, 22 April 1944. Operation SR (1942) 5. Hollandia was situated on the east side of a headland separating Humboldt Bay to the east and Tanahmerah Bay, 25 miles to the we… Battle of Milne Bay (1942) 9. Achieving complete surprise, they were able to destroy nearly 100 aircraft on the ground, leaving the 6th Air Division unable to resist the planned invasion. Bombing of Rabaul (1942) 3. Backed by a swamp just 30 yards from the shoreline, and with just one exit trail unsuitable for vehicles, it quickly became congested. Kokoda Track campaign (1942) 8. Glad to combine shipping to save you some cash. Landing at Hollandia, a battle of the Western New Guinea campaign of World War II in April 1944; Hollandia Hut, Swiss Alpine Club hut; Hollandia Roeiclub, Dutch rowing club; Hollandia; Hollandia beer, Dutch lager made by Bavaria Brewery (Netherlands) See also. It was located on the only really first-class natural harbor on the north coast of Dutch New Guinea, Humboldt Bay, though it had only primitive port facilities. The convoy split around 80 miles (130 km) offshore, with the Eastern Attack Group, consisting of troops assigned to Operation Persecution turning away for Aitape. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Neuf. Adachi ignored this order, and instead decided to concentrate his troops at Hansa Bay and Wewak. [57], Japanese casualties amounted to 3,300 killed and 600 wounded in combat;[58] a further 1,146 were killed or died in the area up to 27 September 1944. [6] The Joint Chiefs of Staff also directed the United States Pacific Fleet to assign aircraft carriers to provide air support for the landings. [11] Adachi continued to plan to make a last stand at Hollandia if he was defeated at Hansa Bay. [4][23], The main landings at Hollandia would be made at two locations. [12], As an attack on Hollandia was not expected, no plans were prepared to defend the area prior to the Allied landing. The operation consisted of two landings, one at Tanahmerah Bay and the other at Humboldt Bay, near Hollandia. English: The New Guinea campaign (1942-1945) — one of the major military campaigns of the Pacific War in World War II. [3] Of these, only one was considered to be complete. The large majority of the defending Japanese troops there had uncharacteristically abandoned their positions and fled inland. [21][22] Of the total force, 22,500 combat troops were assigned to the landing at Aitape; while the rest (nearly 30,000) were allocated to the Hollandia landings. This attack, which was designated Operation Cockpit, aimed to prevent the Japanese from transferring air units stationed near Singapore to New Guinea. [28][29] Secondary landings would take place Aitape, 125 miles to the east, at the same time as those around Hollandia. 28-dec-2016 - Bekijk het bord "Netherlands New Guinea (Dutch Colony)" van Fred Portier op Pinterest. La capitale du territoire est Hollandia située au nord-est. Population Papuans Europeans Asiatics Total; Subdivision 29,845 8,195 1,532 39,572; Capital 6,412 7,635 1,106 … Battle of Buna-Gona (1942–1943) 10. Published at × px. NETHERLANDS NEW GUINEA aerogramme 1962 Hollandia to Netherlands. The U.S. 24th Division's 19th and 21st Regimental Combat Teams (RCTs) were to land at Tanahmerah Bay. ITEM: Original WWII AAF Aerial Photo of BOMBED JAPANESE BOMBERS on HOLLANDIA AIRFIELD, New Guinea, PTO. The distances involved in the operation and the jungle terrain encountered caused the American forces to undergo severe hardships, but the leadership of small-unit leaders persevered in spite of these … Consequently, Japanese efforts to develop the area were delayed throughout 1943 and 1944. American Soldiers Landing Near Hollandia, New Guinea. [42][43] Meanwhile, carrier-borne aircraft attacked targets around Wakde, Sarmi and Hollandia from 21 April, destroying at least 33 Japanese planes in the air and more on the ground. Between 1963-2007 part of Irian Jaya. [4], In early 1944, after the Huon Peninsula had been secured, the Allied South West Pacific Command determined that the area should be seized and developed into a staging post for their advance along the north coast of New Guinea into the Dutch East Indies and to the Philippines. [33], Initial operations commenced in the second week of March 1944 with air raids by aircraft of the U.S. 5th Air Force and the Royal Australian Air Force attacked Japanese airfields along the New Guinea coast from Wewak to the Vogelkop and on Biak Island. To ease the congestion on White 1, 11 LSTs were landed off White 2, while engineers from the 2nd Engineer Special Brigade worked to clear the beach, shifting stores and equipment into Jautefa Bay. ORIGINAL WWII PHOTO - ORIGINAL TO THE TIME - NOT A COPY, SCAN, OR REPRO QUANTITY: 1 - See the other original WWI & WWII photos that I have listed. The plan called for the establishment of a two-battalion front, with troops landed in seven waves at two beaches: Red 1 around the Depapre Inlet and Red 2 on the eastern side of the bay. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Battle of the Coral Sea (1942) 7. n a port in NE Indonesia, capital of Papua , on the N coast. Consequentl… "The roads had been built by our troops, and were still … Achat immédiat +9,00 EUR (livraison) Bartnelke 'Hollandia' - Dianthus Barbatus, maison de campagne jardin, Graines, 02810 . 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