Its domestic events and attitudes would greatly be shaped by events in Europe. He also wanted the country to turn more toward manufacturing and industry than farming, which was the current way of life during that time. Following the War of 1812, the American economy was altered from an economy partly dependent on imports from Europe to an empire of internal commerce. These people are sometimes depicted as being fiercely independent and strongly opposed to any kind of government control or interference. In December 1790, Hamilton also proposed the fifth element in his financial plan: the federal chartering and funding of a powerful institution—a national bank, which would be called the Bank of the United States and modeled to some extent on the Bank of England. 1825: Turnpikes, canals, and rail lines drastically changed America’s landscape, beginning in the 1800s. American frontier life was often grim and plagued by poverty and illness ___ 2. The Bank of the United States. The influx of Irish immigrants contributed to America’s tolerance of ethnic and religious pluralism ___ 3. had trouble borrowing money to pay its bills. Between the first federal census in 1790 and the eve of the Civil War, the slave population in the United States increased from approximately seven hundred thousand to almost four million. The United States was still a fragile experiment in republican government. President George Washington delivers the first "State of the Union Address" on January 8, 1790. AP U.S. History Name_____ Chapter 14 Forging the National Economy, 1790-1860 A. easily borrowed large sums of money. had only the money it had printed. In 1790 American farmers were independent people who didn't want government interfering in their daily lives. Painted in 1865 by Constantino Brumidi, The Apotheosis of Washington graces the inner-dome of the U.S. Capitol. An uncertain Economy 1820-1860 In the 1820s, America's population was still moving ever westward in search of opportunities and advancement. True Thomas Jefferson felt that the American economy would do best if it relied on agriculture. The transition from an agricultural to an industrial economy took more than a century in the United States, but that long development entered its first phase from the 1790s through the 1830s. ___ 1. During Alexander Hamilton’s time as secretary of the treasury in 1790, the federal government was paying back its loans. Alexander Hamilton's economic plan involved setting up a national bank, taxing individuals and the federal government assuming the entire national debt, including the debt of each individual state. Highways of the United States, ca. 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