When followed by a period of time or temporal adverb, il y a is the French equivalent of "ago": Je lui ai parlé il y a deux semaines. It is commonly translated as 'there is' or 'there are.' You ask a question in French by making your voice go up at the end of the sentence, by using est-ce que, by changing normal word order, or by using a question word. ), It can mean one/someone, as in Écoute! The negation of 'il y a' is il n'y a pas, 'there is / are not'. A simple explanation of "Il faut : expressing necessity and obligation". Careful! A group of children or several family members would be addressed as vous, but so would a group of professors. The French expressions c'est and il est are extremely important impersonal phrases.They can mean "this is," "that is," "it is," "they are," and even "he/she is." How to use ce qui, ce que and ce dont in French. Use with numbers and quantities A common use of en is with a number or quantity. It’s used in phrases that only exist in an impersonal mode, such as il faut (it’s necessary), il fait beau (the weather is nice), il pleut (it’s raining), il est midi (it is noon), and all expressions about time and weather. It means they, only when they are all feminine, as when talking about a group of female students: Elles sont intelligentes. Now with the French pronoun “en”, it’s important to note that it’s followed by a strong liaison in “n”, and usually part of expressions that glide a lot in spoken French: Il y en a = yan na; Il n’y en a pas = yan na pa This means they always start with il as they are impersonal. I talked to him two weeks ago. Called La Rocher, the butte provided an advantageous position for the fort above the river. Confused about French pronouns en and y? It’s really beautiful. C'est pour toi, Tammy. Here is the list of French subject pronouns with their English equivalents. Learn French Il Y A in French - Duration: 6:50. How to Use Il y a in French . In this article, let's try to remove once and for all any confusion you might still have over the French pronouns en and y. A -t-is used in the il / … I sold my car 5 years ago. Il/elle est + adjective qualificative (plural ils/elles sont) Il est grand, elle est blonde, ils sont amusants. Well, in French, we use 2 different constructions. Someone is opening the door! To conjugate such -ir verbs, the easiest way is to separate the singular forms (je, tu, il/elle/on) from the plural (nous, vous, ils/elles). Even when it expresses a singular formal you, vous still commands a plural verb form and it always ends in -ez, except for the verbs dire (to tell), faire (to do, to make), and être (to be). Don’t become overwhelmed though, especially if you’re a beginner. French explorers led by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle built Fort St. Louis on a large butte by the Illinois River in the winter of 1682. He/it is tall, she is blond, they are funny. Il y a+ nounusually indicates the existence of a person or a thing in the context of a particular setting. The two phrases mitght seem similar; however, each of them has distinct rules about when and how it should be used. In front of a vowel, je becomes j’. These are short verbs because they lack the -iss part of the plural endings that regular -ir verbs have. On this page, we look at some examples of how exactly the word en is used in French. Sometimes French learners get frustrated when they encounter two very similar expressions that are difficult to distinguish. Translations in context of "Il va" in French-English from Reverso Context: va-t-il, il va falloir, il en va de même, il va sans dire, il va de soi (When talking to one unfamiliar person or a group of people, you use vous, the formal/plural you.). Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools The choice between c'est and il / elle est is not always easy, but there are basic principles which can guide you in the choice. The pronoun il and its forms refer to males (like English "he"), while the pronoun elle and its forms refer to females (like English "she"). "C'est un honneur pour moi et pour mon pays", a-t-il ajouté. Joe-Bob: ______ une actrice dans ma classe. Notes: The French expression il y a, which can mean "there is" or "there are," is one of the most important expressions in the French language.It is most commonly followed by an indefinite article + noun, a number + noun, or an indefinite pronoun. “Il fait un temps de chien!” Imagine you're walking around Paris with a friend and it starts to rain heavily. Note that in such cases, its common to omit the 'of it/them' in English. You will also find these forms: il n'y a plus, 'there is / are not anymore', Tex: ______ un poème érotique. Use elle when talking about a feminine thing, as in this example: Regarde cette maison! Nous means we. He left a long time ago. About 30 -ir verbs don’t follow the regular -ir conjugation pattern of finir. The English for qu'il is that he. English Translation of “elle” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. The pronoun vous expresses the singular formal you and also the plural for you, both formal and informal. – literally, “it's dog weather!”. She currently teaches French at Austin Community College in Austin, Texas. On ouvre la porte! It means they, when they refers to all masculine subjects, or a mix of feminine and masculine subjects. ), Elles is the plural equivalent of elle singular. C'est la vie is a very old, very common French idiomatic saying, which means "That's life," and "Such is life." So, among these French-speaking animals, there is no penguin! (We see each other tomorrow.) Il est is masculine singular; its other forms are elle est (feminine singular), ils sont (masculine plural), and elles sont (feminine plural). (They are smart.). At this university, there are several animals who speak French! Il est parti il y a longtemps. When describing a person, the choice of c’est vs il est depends on whether the person is indicated by a noun or an adjective. Some verbs in French are always used in the third person. However, as all French nouns (even inanimate and intangible objects) are either grammatically masculine or feminine, these pronouns can also refer to … 4 – He / She / It Is In French = C’est, Ce Sont, Il / Elle Est, Ils / Elles Sont. Il est sur mon bureau. There are too many (of them). Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. Il y a is by far the phrase most commonly used in everyday conversation. Describing people with c’est and il est. The pronoun elle can refer to a feminine person or a feminine thing, like une maison (a house). Il y avait beaucoup de pluie pendant nos vacances. English Translation of “il” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. please translate: s’il te/vous plaît, je te/vous prie de, merci, faire plaisir, plaire (à), plaire, s’il te/vous plaît. Tammy introduces Tex: Tex, here is Joe-Bob and Corey ... and there comes Edouard. It’s used in phrases that only exist in an impersonal mode, such as il faut (it’s necessary), il fait beau (the weather is nice), il pleut (it’s raining), il est midi (it is noon), and all expressions about time and weather.. See Using le, la, l', les before nouns when generalising (definite articles). English Translation. How To Improve Your LISTENING SKILLS | LBCC Study Skills - Duration: 48:47. Each form is used differently according to its function in the relative clause. C’est vs. il est is a common example of this. (There will be about 200 people at the wedding.) How to conjugate short French -ir verbs. Bette: ______ un ingrédient secret dans la tarte. (Where is your book? For verbs that end in -yer, the y becomes an i in the singular and in the 3 rd person plural forms. A group of mostly feminine subjects and one masculine subject is described with ils: Ton fils et tes trois filles, comment vont-ils? Your friend curses, and exclaims il fait un temps de chien! As a matter of fact, you have to use il when talking about a masculine thing, as in this example: Où est ton livre? Il y a 5 ans que j’ai vendu ma voiture. ), It is also used to speak about people in general, as in On ne se parle plus; on envoie des textos. Tex: ______ mon premier livre: Guerre et amour. Learn French with Pascal 76,878 views. Elle est vraiment belle. (There was a lot of rain during our vacation.) Both c'est and il est are well-used French sayings that date back centuries. This is a French way of saying that the weather is very bad – similar to … Different uses of en. Exceptions in the present tense in French Verbs ending in -er. (People don’t talk any more; they text.). Tex: ______ beaucoup de musique country au Texas. 1. On is not the equivalent of the English it to refer to a thing. Find more words! In order to put a verb in motion, you need to know who performs the action: the subject. How to Conjugate Irregular –ir French Verbs, How to Form a Question in French Using Inversion. What does y a-t-il mean in French? vous (you [singular formal or plural informal and formal]). (Listen! Tu expresses you in familiar speech, when you’re addressing a single person you know well, such as a family member, a classmate, or a child. Only the context reveals which on you’re dealing with. Je means I. Véronique Mazet has a doctorate in French from the University of Texas at Austin and is the author of two successful grammar books. To describe and introduce things or people in French, two common phrases are used: c'est and il / elle est.The plural forms are ce sont and ils / elles sont. (For verbs ending in ayer, we can write either i or y.) Il y aura environ 200 personnes au mariage. We use the relative pronouns ce qui, ce que, and ce dont when the pronoun does not refer to a single word in the sentence, but rather to an entire clause. Tex: ______ une fête ('party') la semaine prochaine. All ils/elles forms in the present tense end in -ent, with the exception of être (to be), avoir (to have), aller (to go), and faire (to do, to make). Ils is the plural equivalent of il singular. Tammy is showing the campus to Tex: Here is the library, and there is the famous Tower. In fact, on never refers to a thing. "This is an honour for me and for my country", he added. 3 – En in French = Strong Liaison and Glidings. Example: Il ne sait pas ce qui s’est passé. 6:50. Translations in context of "il faut" in French-English from Reverso Context: il faut que, il ne faut, il nous faut, mais il faut, il me faut is there. Even when on means we (a plural subject), the verb is conjugated as a third person singular. Inside the fort were a few wooden houses and native shelters. French has nine possible subjects. (Your son and three daughters, how are they doing? The series finale of Downton Abbey airs Sunday, March 6 at 9pm ET on MASTERPIECE on PBS. Finally, it is the informal equivalent of nous (we), as in On se voit demain. Here are some examples: nous aimons (we like), nous finissons (we finish), and nous avons (we have). Those exceptions end in -ont. 1. Don't worry, French grammar may not be simple but it is indeed very logical and detail-oriented. It is on my desk.). When you put the verb in front of the subject, you join the two words with a hyphen. Il means he or it and can refer to a masculine person or a masculine thing like un livre (a book). When you use nous, you’re including yourself in the group. Joe-Bob: ______ beaucoup d'étudiants à l'université du Texas. Learn more in the Cambridge English-French Dictionary. ... Il y en a trop. Fill in the blank with either 'il y a' or 'voici'. Il can also express an impersonal subject. So you can conjugate it: je suis d’accord, tu es d’accord, il est d’accord, nous sommes d’accord, vous êtes d’accord, ils sont d’accord,… D'acc / Dac-o-dac (Cool French) Use those short expressions to say ok, if you want to sound cool and / or edgy. Don’t say tu to a person you’ve never met before, to someone you should show respect to, or to a business relation such as a doctor or a clerk in a store. Among these animals, there are armadillos, a snail, a cat, a squirrel, and several insects! Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. So here you need to know the context to use either c'est (soup in general) or il est/elle est (the specific soup). All verb endings triggered by the subject nous end in -ons in all tenses, except être (to be) in present, which is conjugated as nous sommes. A form of avoir (when used as a past auxiliary verb) in the third-person singular masculine, used after reporting direct speech. A wooden palisade was the only form of defenses that La Salle used in securing the site. (Look at this house. Unlike English, the il form of a French verb never ends in -s. Depending on the conjugation group, the -s is for je and tu. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! Unlike English, the il form of a French verb never ends in -s. Depending on the conjugation group, the -s is for je and tu. It is the only subject pronoun that gets elided (that is, the -e gets dropped before a vowel or a mute -h), as the following examples illustrate. The tricky fact is that in French, you use the definite article le, la, l' for general statements as well as specific the. 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Third-Person singular masculine, used after reporting direct speech so would a group of children several... A+ nounusually indicates the existence of a vowel, je becomes j ’ one subject. Il / … English Translation of “ elle ” | the official Collins French-English Dictionary online is indeed logical! Formal and informal, on never refers to a masculine person or a group of people, you re. Filles, comment vont-ils verbs don ’ t follow the regular -ir conjugation of... T talk any more ; they text. ) temps de chien! ” Imagine 're... Person plural forms be used is not the equivalent of nous ( we ), the y an. When used as a past auxiliary verb ) in the group n y! The third person singular MASTERPIECE on PBS function in the 3 rd person plural.! And il est is a common example of this each of them has distinct rules about when and how should... Book ) feminine thing, as in this example: Regarde cette maison end in -yer the! 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