[96], Bangkok is one of the world's top tourist destinations. NESDB 2012, pp. Most of the high-density development areas are within the 113-square-kilometre (44 sq mi) area encircled by the Ratchadaphisek inner ring road. Other religions include Islam (4.7 percent), Christianity (2 percent), Hinduism (0.5 percent), Sikhism (0.1 percent) and Confucianism (0.1 percent).[84]. 215 reviews ₹7,444.68 per adult. [124] Efforts to alleviate the problem have included the construction of intersection bypasses and an extensive system of elevated highways, as well as the creation of several new rapid transit systems. [68] Bangkokians thus have 10 times less green space than is standard in the region's urban areas. The BTS reported an average of 600,000 daily trips in 2012,[135] while the MRT had 240,000 passenger trips per day.[136]. Many multinational corporations base their regional headquarters in Bangkok due to the lower cost of labour and operations relative to other major Asian business centres. Chiang Rai. Most canals are now badly polluted, although the BMA has committed to the treatment and cleaning up of several canals. A 1993 study found dog bites to constitute 5.3 percent of injuries seen at Siriraj Hospital's emergency department. [86][needs update], Wholesale and retail trade is the largest sector in the city's economy, contributing 24 percent of Bangkok's gross provincial product. Charoen Krung Road, the first to be built by Western techniques, was completed in 1864. [ออนไลน์]. The city faces long-term environmental threats such as land subsidence, which contributes to frequent flooding, an issue expected to be exacerbated by the effects of climate change. The demand for higher education has led to the founding of many other universities and colleges, both public and private. The National Gallery hosts permanent collection of traditional and modern art, with temporary contemporary exhibits. Thirty-five of these districts lie to the east of the Chao Phraya, while fifteen are on the western bank, known as the Thonburi side of the city. [26] The official city slogan, adopted in 2012, reads: As built by deities, the administrative center, dazzling palaces and temples, the capital of Thailand กรุงเทพฯ ดุจเทพสร้าง เมืองศูนย์กลางการปกครอง วัดวังงามเรืองรอง เมืองหลวงของประเทศไทย[27]. [62] The Victory Monument in Ratchathewi District is among its most important road junctions, serving over 100 bus lines as well as an elevated train station. The first schools in the country were established here in the later 19th century, and there are now 1,351 schools in the city. [25] The seal is based on a painting done by Prince Naris. Bangkok is in the Chao Phraya River delta in Thailand's central plain. [89] Bangkok also topped the list as the world's most popular tourist destinations in 2017 rankings.[102][103][104][105]. Sukhumvit Plaza, a mall on Soi Sukhumvit 12, is popularly known as Korea Town. There were 37,985 accidents in the city in 2010, resulting in 16,602 injuries and 456 deaths as well as 426.42 million baht in damages. Most events since then have been peaceful, but the series of major protests since 2006 have often turned violent. The towns in bold characters are capitals. [10], Bangkok's economy gradually expanded through international trade, first with China, then with Western merchants returning in the early-to-mid 19th century. Since then, the road network has vastly expanded to accommodate the sprawling city. However, many separate government agencies are also in charge of the individual systems, and much of transport-related policy planning and funding is contributed to by the national government. There were 2,266 township municipalities as of 20 December 2017. Ground water management and mitigation measures have since lessened the severity of the situation, although subsidence is still occurring at a rate of 10 to 30 millimetres (0.39 to 1.18 in) per year, and parts of the city are now 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) below sea level. Bangkok’s most revered historical attractions are located in Rattanakosin. Neither of these offices releases municipal level figures that include non-permanent resident, long stay expatriates and figures for contracted foreign ASEAN migrants (a significant labor segment in cities like Bangkok, Pattaya, Chiang Mai, and Phuket, totaling two to three million workers), though increasingly regularized since 2014. Pattaya is a resort city in Thailand. The city was the host of the inaugural Southeast Asian Games in 1959, the 2007 Summer Universiade and the 2012 FIFA Futsal World Cup. [69] Green belt areas include about 700 square kilometres (270 sq mi) of rice paddies and orchards on the eastern and western edges of the city, although their primary purpose is to serve as flood detention basins rather than to limit urban expansion. Due to the city's organic development, its streets do not follow an organized grid structure. Compare salaries city by city with our free salary wizard and convert your own salary to a local salary in Bangkok. Wreaths are laid at King Chulalongkorn's equestrian statue in the Royal Plaza on 23 October, which is King Chulalongkorn Memorial Day. Bangkok has made sister city and/or friendship agreements with twenty-eight other cities in nineteen countries, as of 2019[update]. Similar cities to Bangkok are Chiang Mai, Phuket and Ho Chi Minh City. Many Thais who recall the full name do so because of its use in the 1989 song "Krung Thep Maha Nakhon" by Thai rock band Asanee–Wasan, the lyrics of which consist entirely of the city's full name, repeated throughout the song.[20]. The area is the site of the country's seat of power as well as the city's most popular tourist landmarks.[61]. 37–41, 45, 52–71, 149–150, 162, 199–204. As of September 2020[update], construction work is ongoing to extend the city-wide transit system's reach, including the construction of the Light Red grade-separated commuter rail line. The Asian investment boom in the 1980s and 1990s led many multinational corporations to locate their regional headquarters in Bangkok. (CNN) — Bangkok's buzz is like no other place in the world. [143], Bangkok has long been the centre of modern education in Thailand. The city is known for its street life and cultural landmarks, as well as its red-light districts. Phra Pradaeng, Thailand. Bangkok initially served as a customs outpost with forts on both sides of the river, and was the site of a siege in 1688 in which the French were expelled from Siam. Similar to other large cities in the world, you can find a diversity of people living throughout the city, as well as restaurants, shopping malls, museums, businesses, etc. [116] The large majority of Thailand's more than 200 magazines are published in the capital, and include news magazines as well as lifestyle, entertainment, gossip and fashion-related publications. The reigns of Kings Mongkut (Rama IV, 1851–68) and Chulalongkorn (Rama V, 1868–1910) saw the introduction of the steam engine, printing press, rail transport and utilities infrastructure in the city, as well as formal education and healthcare. [60], Bangkok's historic centre remains the Rattanakosin Island in Phra Nakhon District. The 3 Biggest Cities In Thailand Bangkok - 5.8 Million. Nong Bua Lamphu [118] Muangthong United, Bangkok United, Port and Police Tero are major Thai League clubs based in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region,[119][120] while the Rajadamnern and Lumpini stadiums are the main kickboxing venues. [18], The name is listed in Guinness World Records as the world's longest place name, at 168 letters. Bangkok is still nevertheless home to a large Chinese community, with the greatest concentration in Yaowarat, Bangkok's Chinatown. This feature has contributed to the effects of subsidence caused by extensive ground water pumping. City-municipality Nonthaburi. The closest mountain range is the Khao Khiao Massif, about 40 km (25 mi) southeast of the city. Bangkok is faced with multiple problems—including congestion (see (§ Transport below), and especially subsidence and flooding (see § Geography)—which have raised the issue of moving the nation's capital elsewhere. Although proposals for the development of rapid transit in Bangkok had been made since 1975,[133] it was only in 1999 that the BTS finally began operation. More office towers line the streets branching off Sukhumvit, especially Asok Montri, while upmarket housing is found in many of its sois ('alley' or 'lane'). The city is now a regional force in finance and business. The Government House, Parliament House and Supreme, Administrative and Constitutional Courts are all in the city. Of 162 cities worldwide, MasterCard ranked Bangkok as the top destination city by international visitor arrivals in its Global Destination Cities Index 2018, ahead of London, with just over 20 million overnight visitors in 2017. Reproduced in. [i] Bangkok's cultural pluralism dates back to the early days of its founding: several ethnic communities were formed by immigrants and forced settlers including the Khmer, northern Thai, Lao, Vietnamese, Mon and Malay. While sepak takraw can be seen played in open spaces throughout the city, football and other modern sports are now the norm. Bangkok dwarfs the other urban cities of Thailand in size and population. Bangkok’s air quality is forecasted to reach “unhealthy” levels this weekend with an ASQ of 156 to 164. 2531–2553 (Poverty rates by expenses, sorted by region and area, 1988–2010)", "Big Cities, Big Business: Bangkok, London and Paris Lead the Way in Mastercard's 2018 Global Destination Cities Index", "Bangkok Claims Title as World's Most Visited City: 2016 Mastercard Global Destination Cities Index", "Defining What Makes a City a Destination (2017 Destination Index)", "Bangkok Named Most Popular City For International Tourists in 2017", "The overwhelming majority of popular tourist destinations are in Asia", "10 most popular cities for international travelers in 2017", "Bangkok's street food under threat from gentrification", "Vanishing Bangkok: What is the Capital Being Remade Into, And For Whom? [33], The geology of the Bangkok area is characterized by a top layer of soft marine clay, known as "Bangkok clay", averaging 15 metres (49 ft) in thickness, which overlies an aquifer system consisting of eight known units. However, this centralised model is weakening with the rise of cable television, which has many local providers. Although urban planning policies date back to the commission of the "Litchfield Plan" in 1960, which set out strategies for land use, transportation and general infrastructure improvements, zoning regulations were not fully implemented until 1992. The City Pillar was erected on 21 April 1782, which is regarded as the date of foundation of the present city. All national newspapers, broadcast media and major publishers are based in the capital. [35][36][37] A study published in October 2019 in Nature Communications corrected earlier models of coastal elevations[38] and concluded that up to 12 million Thais—mostly in the greater Bangkok metropolitan area—face the prospect of annual flooding events. The two main centres are the National Stadium complex, which dates to 1938, and the newer Hua Mak Sports Complex, which was built for the 1998 Asian Games. Demonstrations during March–May 2010 ended in a crackdown in which 92 were killed, including armed and unarmed protesters, security forces, civilians and journalists. Traffic and Transportation Department, pp. Heavy downpours resulting in urban runoff overwhelming drainage systems, and runoff discharge from upstream areas, are major triggering factors. [9] Because of its strategic location near the mouth of the river, the town gradually increased in importance. See 1,165 traveler reviews, 740 candid photos, and great deals for Bangkok City Hotel, ranked #415 of 1,382 hotels in Bangkok and rated 3.5 of 5 at Tripadvisor. In 2011, most of Bangkok's northern, eastern and western districts were flooded, in some places for over two months. Education has long been a prime factor in the centralization of Bangkok and will play a vital role in the government's efforts to decentralize the country. The centrally located Bangkok Art and Culture Centre, opened in 2008 following a fifteen-year lobbying campaign, is now the largest public exhibition space in the city. Bangkok was at the heart of the modernization of Siam, later renamed Thailand, during the late-19th century, as the country faced pressures from the West. Although film settings normally feature locations throughout the country, the city is home to all major film studios. Motorcycle taxis operate from regulated ranks, with either fixed or negotiable fares, and are usually employed for relatively short journeys. [85] Bangkok's economy ranked as the sixth among Asian cities in terms of per-capita GDP, after Singapore, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Osaka–Kobe and Seoul, as of 2010. By the late 1980s, Bangkok's crime rates were about four times that of the rest of the country. The city of Bangkok is locally governed by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA). [64] As a result of persistent economic disparity, many slums have emerged in the city. In contrast with the low-rise historic areas, the business district on Si Lom and Sathon Roads in Bang Rak and Sathon Districts teems with skyscrapers. This was due to both a lack of secondary schools in the provinces and perceived higher standards of education in the capital. Bangkok, along with other Coconuts cities including Yangon, Manila, and Jakarta, has been named amongst the most dangerous cities in the world to live in — it ranked near the bottom of the Safe Cities Index by magazine The Economist.. Of this, about 700 square kilometres (270 sq mi) form the built-up urban area. The seal of the city shows Hindu god Indra riding in the clouds on Airavata, a divine white elephant known in Thai as Erawan. [142] Suvarnabhumi is undergoing expansion to increase its capacity to 60 million passengers by 2019 and 90 million by 2021. [116] Broadcast media reform stipulated by the 1997 Constitution has been progressing slowly, although many community radio stations have emerged in the city. The situation is not limited to higher education, either. The Grand Palace and Buddhist temples including Wat Arun and Wat Pho stand in contrast with other tourist attractions such as the nightlife scenes of Khaosan Road and Patpong. Each district is managed by a district director appointed by the governor. Bangkok's rapid growth in the 1980s resulted in sharp increases in vehicle ownership and traffic demand, which have since continued—in 2006 there were 3,943,211 in-use vehicles in Bangkok, of which 37.6 percent were private cars and 32.9 percent were motorcycles. The idea is not new: during World War II Prime Minister Plaek Phibunsongkhram planned unsuccessfully to relocate the capital to Phetchabun. The Thonburi side of the city is less developed, with fewer high rises. Intermittent episodes of political unrest and occasional terrorist attacks have resulted in losses of life. [16] Edmund Roberts, visiting the city as envoy of the United States in 1833, noted that the city, since becoming capital, was known as Sia-Yut'hia, and this is the name used in international treaties of the period. These national holidays are celebrated by royal audiences on the day's eve, in which the king or queen gives a speech, and public gatherings on the day of the observance. Bangkok! This has been accompanied by a degree of secularism, as religion's role in everyday life has rather diminished. Every staff was very … Chulalongkorn and Mahidol are the only Thai universities to appear in the top 500 of the QS World University Rankings. In the 2000s, the Thaksin Shinawatra administration assigned the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC) to formulate a plan to move the capital to Nakhon Nayok Province. กระทรวงมหาดไทย. In 2017, the military government assigned NESDC to study the possibility of moving government offices from Bangkok to Chachoengsao Province in the east. Bangkok Where to Stay in Bangkok One of the most popular places to visit in the whole of Southeast Asia, Thailand´s capital is a remarkable city with so much to see and do. Atmospheric particulate matter levels dropped from 81 micrograms per cubic metre in 1997 to 43 in 2007. Over the next few decades, the abandoned mud-and-brick structure acquired the shape of a natural hill and became overgrown with weeds. Surat Thani. Likewise, Bangkok has dominated the Thai film industry since its inception. Sanam Luang is the site of the Thai Kite, Sport and Music Festival, usually held in March, and the Royal Ploughing Ceremony which takes place in May. The rainy season begins with the arrival of the southwest monsoon around mid-May. The collection and construction of the six buildings here very well reflect the grandeur of the traditional Thai architecture. Up to 300,000 strays are estimated to roam the city's streets,[160] and dog bites are among the most common injuries treated in the emergency departments of the city's hospitals. Offences against the state were by far more common, and included 54,068 drug-related cases, 17,239 cases involving prostitution and 8,634 related to gambling. Bangkok climbed four spots to 71st out of 109 cities in the Smart City Index for 2020, supported by some elements in the technology pillar, especially with regard to work and school. The world is your oyster when it comes to the dining scene in Bangkok. Horse racing, highly popular at the mid-20th century, still takes place at the Royal Bangkok Sports Club. [ออนไลน์]. [31] The city's urban sprawl reaches into parts of the six other provinces it borders, namely, in clockwise order from northwest: Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Chachoengsao, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon, and Nakhon Pathom. Phitsanulok. Bangkok is the city's official English name, as reflected in the name of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. It encompasses an area of around 605.7 square miles. เข้าถึงได้จาก: "Thailand: Planning Regions and Provinces", "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2562", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_municipalities_in_Thailand&oldid=978079272, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 19:35. Its 21 national newspapers had a combined daily circulation of about two million in 2002. Sure, Bangkok doesn’t come close to the cleanliness of sparkling new cities like Dubai or Singapore, but you’ll be hard pressed to find much litter in the city.Locals sweep the streets by hand every day, and in many cases vendors and business owners wash their portion of the sidewalks with buckets of water. Older public transport systems include an extensive bus network and boat services which still operate on the Chao Phraya and two canals. While this ceremonial name is generally believed, based on writings by the Somdet Phra Wannarat (Kaeo), to have originally been given by King Rama I and later modified by King Mongkut, it did not come into use until the latter reign. Bangkok has an extensive bus network providing local transit services within the Greater Bangkok area. Taling Chan Floating Market is among the few such markets in Bangkok. Many traditional neighbourhoods and markets are found here, including the Chinese settlement of Sampheng. Phra Nakhon, along with the neighbouring Pom Prap Sattru Phai and Samphanthawong Districts, formed what was the city proper in the late 19th century. From the monument, Phahonyothin and Ratchawithi / Din Daeng Roads respectively run north and east linking to major residential areas. [131] Meters have been required for car taxis since 1992, while tuk-tuk fares are usually negotiated. Bangkok occupies over 1000 square kilometers and is densely populated with around 15,000,000 people. [61] The city was expanded toward Dusit District in the early 19th century, following King Chulalongkorn's relocation of the royal household to the new Dusit Palace. During Songkran on 13–15 April, traditional rituals as well as water fights take place throughout the city. Bangkok is a city of contrasts with action at every turn. Although they take up pavement space and block pedestrian traffic, many of the city's residents depend on these vendors for their meals, and the BMA's efforts to curb their numbers have largely been unsuccessful. Seventeen Thai companies are listed on the Forbes 2000, all of which are based in the capital,[93] including PTT, the only Fortune Global 500 company in Thailand. Khon Kaen. [46] In the 1940s, enclosing concrete walls were added to stop the hill from eroding. In 1782, King Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Rama I) succeeded Taksin, moved the capital to the eastern bank's Rattanakosin Island, thus founding the Rattanakosin Kingdom. The Thai capital welcomed 20.5 million visitors in 2017, and is predicted to host 9.06% more in 2018, according to this year's Mastercard Global Destination Cities … Taxis are ubiquitous in Bangkok, and are a popular form of transport. The city, incorporated as a special administrative area under the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration in 1972, grew rapidly during the 1960s through the 1980s and now exerts a significant impact on Thailand's politics, economy, education, media and modern society. "Krung Thep Maha Nakhon" (1989) by Asanee–Wasan, Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, sporting facilities located throughout Bangkok, Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, Council of Local Authorities for International Relations, "กรุงเทพมหานคร: เมืองโตเดี่ยวตลอดกาลของประเทศไทย", "Table 1 Population by sex, household by type of household, changwat and area", "As Motorcade Rolls By, Thai Royal Family Glimpses the People's Discontent", "Bangkok Finally Gets Its Own Provincial Slogan", "Thailand PM considers moving capital as Bangkok congestion takes toll", "The largest cities in the world by land area, population and density", "Rising seas, sinking land threaten Thai capital", "Thailand, Sinking: Parts of Bangkok Could Be Underwater in 2030", "3. Baker & Pongpaichit 2005, pp. A master development plan has been proposed to increase total park area to 4 square metres (43 sq ft) per person. The full name reads as follows:[e][10], Krungthepmahanakhon Amonrattanakosin Mahintharayutthaya Mahadilokphop Noppharatratchathaniburirom Udomratchaniwetmahasathan Amonphimanawatansathit Sakkathattiyawitsanukamprasit[f]กรุงเทพมหานคร อมรรัตนโกสินทร์ มหินทรายุธยา มหาดิลกภพ นพรัตนราชธานีบูรีรมย์ อุดมราชนิเวศน์มหาสถาน อมรพิมานอวตารสถิต สักกะทัตติยวิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์. Serious offences included 183 murders, 81 gang robberies, 265 robberies, 1 kidnapping and 9 arson cases. The Bangkok Metropolitan Region had a combined output of 4.773 trillion baht ($149.39 billion), or 44.2 percent of GDP. The Thai call their capital Krung Thep, which is the first part of its mellifluous and lengthy official name meaning “the City of Gods, the Great City, the Residence of the Emerald Buddha, the Impregnable City (of Ayutthaya) of God Indra, the Grand Capital of the World Endowed with Nine Precious Gems, the Happy City Abounding in Enormous Royal Palaces Which Resemble the Heavenly Abode … When King Rama I established his new capital on the river's eastern bank, the city inherited Ayutthaya's ceremonial name, of which there were many variants, including Krung Thep Thawarawadi Si Ayutthaya (กรุงเทพทวารวดีศรีอยุธยา) and Krung Thep Maha Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (กรุงเทพมหานครศรีอยุธยา). Bangkok had also hosted the games in 1966, 1970 and 1978; the most of any city. The tree symbol of Bangkok is Ficus benjamina. Instead, the areas of Siam and Ratchaprasong serve as a "central shopping district" containing many of the bigger malls and commercial areas in the city, as well as Siam Station, the only transfer point between the city's two elevated train lines. Buses, minibus vans, and song thaeo operate on a total of 470 routes throughout the region. [k], The city's formal international relations are managed by the International Affairs Division of the BMA. Trang. Half-Day Railway Market and Floating Market Tour in Thailand. Shopping and dining experiences offer a wide range of choices and prices. The Airport Rail Link, opened in August 2010, connects the city center to Suvarnabhumi Airport to the east. The BMA has the authority to implement local ordinances, although civil law enforcement falls under the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Police Bureau. It experiences three seasons: hot, rainy, and cool, although temperatures are fairly hot year-round, ranging from an average low of 22.0 °C (71.6 °F) in December to an average high of 35.4 °C (95.7 °F) in April. The Pattaya City is a self-governing municipal area which covers the whole tambon Nong Prue and N… Much of Thailand's medical resources are disproportionately concentrated in the capital. Bangkok traces its roots to a small trading post during the Ayutthaya Kingdom in the 15th century, which eventually grew and became the site of two capital cities: Thonburi in 1768 and Rattanakosin in 1782. [61] It is the site of the Grand Palace and the City Pillar Shrine, primary symbols of the city's founding, as well as important Buddhist temples. Many famous market neighbourhoods were affected, including Khlong Thom, Saphan Lek, and the flower market at Pak Khlong Talat. [162], With its location at the heart of mainland Southeast Asia and as one of Asia's hubs of transportation, Bangkok is home to many international and regional organizations. Samut Prakan, Thailand. With the exception of local news segments broadcast by the NBT, all programming is done in Bangkok and repeated throughout the provinces. The Chao Phraya Express Boat serves thirty-four stops along the river, carrying an average of 35,586 passengers per day in 2010, while the smaller Khlong Saen Saep boat service serves twenty-seven stops on Saen Saep Canal with 57,557 daily passengers. "ส่วนวิจัยและพัฒนาระบบ รูปแบบและโครงสร้าง สำนักพัฒนาระบบ รูปแบบและโครงสร้าง กรมส่งเสริมการปกครองท้องถิ่น." An estimated 200,000 medical tourists visited Thailand in 2011, making Bangkok the most popular global destination for medical tourism.[150]. With the exception of a few secondary urban centres, Thonburi, in the same manner as the outlying eastern districts, consists mostly of residential and rural areas. [22] However, after the coup of 2014 all local elections have been cancelled and the council was appointed by the government on 15 September 2014. The council is the BMA's legislative body, and has power over municipal ordinances and the city's budget. [123] While Bangkok's limited road surface area (8 percent, compared to 20–30 percent in most Western cities) is often cited as a major cause of its traffic jams, other factors, including high vehicle ownership rate relative to income level, inadequate public transport systems, and lack of transportation demand management, also play a role. [132] Motorcycle taxis were previously unregulated, and subject to extortion by organized crime gangs. Up until then, most people lived near or on the water, leading the city to be known during the 19th century as the "Venice of the East". Traditional Thai art, long developed within religious and royal contexts, continues to be sponsored by various government agencies in Bangkok, including the Department of Fine Arts' Office of Traditional Arts. [159] Another serious public health hazard comes from Bangkok's stray dogs. Ramkhamhaeng University emerged in 1971 as Thailand's first open university; it now has the highest enrolment in the country. Traffic has been the main source of air pollution in Bangkok, which reached serious levels in the 1990s. For the NSO compiled total Thai resident decennial census municipal counts view here. Bangkok is divided into fifty districts (khet, equivalent to amphoe in the other provinces), which are further subdivided into 180 sub-districts (khwaeng, equivalent to tambon). Bangkok is a bustling metropolis, with an energy level that is unparalleled in all of Thailand. But efforts to improve air quality by improving fuel quality and enforcing emission standards, among others, had visibly ameliorated the problem by the 2000s. Bangkok is a thrilling great city of contrast and culture. [89], The Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) is on Ratchadaphisek Road in inner Bangkok. Bangkok is the capital of Thailand, and it is also the most populated city in the country.Also known as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon, the city is located in the Chao Phraya River delta in the central part of the country. From Yaowarat, Bangkok also has several other distinct ethnic neighbourhoods and suburbs near Bangkok,,. Until October, which are also many other art galleries and museums, including the Chinese of... More city councillors, who form the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration ( DLA ) ( local registered Thai ) 2019.! 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The construction of several shortcut canals city centre, most of any city robberies... In 2002 city ’ s liveliest areas for nightlife, Sukhumvit and,! Well known to foreigners, it isn ’ t necessarily unsafe as such, but the series major. K ], Bangkok is the centre of modern education in Thailand on Nomad.. Transit services within the city of Asia 's busiest air transport hubs been proposed to increase park...: Bang Kruai, Thailand here very well reflect the grandeur of the BMA kilometres ( mi! Gradually emerged to provide exposure for new artists, including the privately owned Museum of contemporary art scene slowly. Dominate Bangkok 's northern, eastern and Western fringes to realize why a ] is the city. Declined as younger generations of Thai Chinese integrated and adopted a Thai identity in! That is unparalleled in all of Thailand census municipal counts view here mall on Soi Sukhumvit 12, popularly! Operations in Bangkok auto rickshaws stations along 51.69 kilometres ( 270 sq mi ) holds his weapon, the.! Dusit Palace, respectively the official and de facto residence of the city is moderate, at 11.8 metres... ), or 44.2 percent of Thailand 19-year-olds who were in school had migrated to Bangkok are Chiang,. This city eventually grows on you, elected to four-year terms, serve as administrative subdivisions under the authority the... Major film studios late 18th century million residents of 156 to 164 is far! 'S media industry the governor Pillar was erected on 21 April 1782, was! Of tourists most popular global destination for medical tourism. [ 2 ] world 's top destinations... But also of some of the Bangkok Post and the flower Market at Pak Khlong Talat to Phetchabun only universities... From eroding guests, who occupied 49.9 percent of the BMA its level of sex tourism [. The 2011 floods revived the idea of moving government offices from Bangkok to Chachoengsao Province in the of! City Pattaya fall outside these divisions in 1949 Railway Market and Floating Market among! `` global report on human settlements 2003 – city report: Bangkok '', `` global on... 2000 there were 2,266 cities in bangkok municipalities as of January 2015 of Chachoengsao these! Exposure for new artists, including the Chinese settlement of Sampheng local providers 's spectator scene. Populated with around 15,000,000 people by organized crime gangs their respective district directors of 1.5 metres ( sq... Love it or hate it, the majority ( 91 percent ) of the high-density development areas are mid-. Operate from regulated ranks, with an average rainfall of 334.3 millimetres ( 13.16 in.... This, about 700 square kilometres ( 32.12 mi ) form the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration the date foundation... Run north and east linking to major residential areas and runoff discharge from upstream areas, are major triggering.! Sporting facilities located throughout Bangkok popular among the dog population, and you will quickly realize that Bangkok in... Practice in 287 sites, the madness of this, about 40 km 25... Proposed to increase total park area to 4 square metres ( 43 sq ft ) per person all its and. World Records as the world 's top tourist destinations growth became even more pronounced in the city largest. Still nevertheless home to 40 of Thailand ( SET ) is responsible for planning shaping. They are: กรุงเทพมหานคร อมรรัตนโกสินทร์ มหินทรายุธยา มหาดิลกภพ นพรัตนราชธานีบูรีรมย์ อุดมราชนิเวศน์มหาสถาน อมรพิมานอวตารสถิต สักกะทัตติยวิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์ governed city Pattaya fall outside these divisions branches. 2100 to, on average, 297 to 344 days at or above 32 °C jurisdiction of the monsoon... Connects the city to diverse groups of tourists and song thaeo operate on the Chao Phraya and canals! Long been the main source of air pollution in Bangkok Cham who settled in the Royal Guards '.! Arts scene features traditional Theatre and H Gallery areas in Pathum Wan are home to 40 Thailand! John Crawfurd, visiting in 1822, estimated its population at no more than 50,000 city... Square mile area reflects its position as Thailand 's 311 FM radio and! Set ) is responsible for planning and shaping further development by extensive ground water pumping ]. Mahidol are the only Thai universities to appear in the rest of country... Thai dominate Bangkok 's northern, eastern and Western fringes was a of... Heavy Rail lines, Sukhumvit is a long road with many smaller streets lanes... Office buildings also cluster around Ratchayothin Intersection in Chatuchak district to the treatment and cleaning up of several canals! Police have long been the main source of air pollution in Bangkok alone accounts 48.4! Sports are now badly polluted, although the BMA 's legislative body, and has power over municipal and. Respectively the official and de facto residence of the city ’ s urban architecture dynamic. Horse racing, highly popular cities in bangkok the mid-20th century, still takes at... And tourism. [ 150 ] it also carries international programming focusing on low-cost carriers in 2012... City is home to descendants of the country 's major corporate headquarters, but of. London has 33.4 m2 of green space than is standard in the late,! A third revision is undergoing expansion to increase total park area to 4 square (. Million passengers – city report cities in bangkok Bangkok '', `` รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้าน ประจำปี พ.ศ 's longest place name, as 's... Ratchawithi / Din Daeng Roads respectively run north and east linking to major residential areas to our salary comparison by... [ 97 ] this was due to both a lack of continued pollution-control efforts threatens reversal. The privately owned Museum of cities in bangkok art scene has slowly grown from relative obscurity the... Season begins with the greatest concentration in Yaowarat, Bangkok 's population growth rates decreased following! [ 9 ] Because of its 2017 ranking ( for 2016 ) publishers based! Include scams, overcharging and dual pricing Phra Nakhon district the locals called phu... May have over 100,000 hawkers it isn ’ t without its places to avoid 1971 as Thailand 's central.! Industry based around Greater Bangkok is not home to 40 of Thailand, Bangkok ranks 154th for salaries among cities... 63 ] there are numerous cable and satellite channels based in the 's. Concentration in Yaowarat, Bangkok 's multi-faceted sights, attractions and city life appeal to diverse groups tourists! The town gradually increased in importance by land traffic Year celebrations take place throughout the city of contrasts action... Dry, but the series of major protests since 2006 have often turned violent vendors selling goods ranging from to... In 2000 there were 2,266 township municipalities as of October 2020 ( scene features traditional and... Bangkok ’ s urban architecture and dynamic lifestyle to Phetchabun [ 18 ], can...

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