An empirical research report written in American Psychological Association (APA) style always includes a written literature review, but it is important to review the literature early in the research process for several reasons. Some conducted studies are unique and have experimental nature. Reviewing the research literature means finding, reading, and summarizing the published research relevant to your question. One set of purposes is to explain the motivations for doing your research. A general explanation of the research topic, main ideas, and theory; Specification of the methodological approach (what was the format of research); Itemization of the gaps that you are planning to fill with your research. Literature is the foundation of life. Good review of literature is a sign of professional maturity; it shows one’s grasp of the field, one’s methodological sophistication in critiquing others’ research, and the breadth and depth of one’s reading (Krathwohl , 1988). There are a number of reasons why review of related literature remains core component of any scientific study. As mentioned previously, there are a number of existing guidelines for literature reviews. Running head: Role of Literature Review in the Research Process 3 Role of Literature Review in the Research Process Any research is conducted to achieve certain objectives and purposes. A substantial part of the research paper is the literature review, the importance of which is many. This will ensure that the content generated meets the expectation of the readers. The literature review will help you compare and contrast what you are doing in the historical context of the research as well as how your research is different or original from what others have done, helping you rationalize why you need to do this particular research (See Reference 2). Your aims are to: a. convince the reader that the research area is significant / important / interesting You’re trying to convince the reader to read on and also providing context to help them see the “bigger story” of which your research … The purpose of a literature review is to gain an understanding of the existing research and debates relevant to a particular topic or area of study, and to present that knowledge in the form of a written report. Why is appropriate citation important? Depending on the methodology needed to achieve the purpose of the review, all types can be helpful and appropriate to reach a specific goal (for examples, please see Table 1).These approaches can be qualitative, quantitative, or have a mixed design depending on the phase of the review. ―The problem definition stage is perhaps more critical in the research process than the problem solution stage.‖ Discuss this statement. Simple - A simple literature review is a brief overview of the topic not necessarily purely academic in scope and often uses popular sources (although popular sources are noted so their weight and value can be judged) this review is often just the start of the research process. It places an emphasis on many topics from human tragedies to tales of the ever-popular search for love. What are the consequences of not giving credit to the source from which materials are extracted? Conducting a literature review helps you build your knowledge in your field. 8. What is the purpose of a literature survey? The importance of literature review for a research is that it provides facts and meaningful resources. Literature review purpose . While it is physically written in words, these words come alive in the imagination of the mind, and its ability to comprehend the complexity or simplicity of the text. 9. 7. 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